IGBOSCHOLARS JOURNAL OF IGBO SCHOLARS FORUM Nigeria calls for well researched papers from authors in areas that borders on Igbo in relation to other people's cultures. We welcome articles or proposals from all perspectives and on all subjects pertaining to Igbo, Igbo/African people's and others' relations on Public policy, Language, Religion, Philosophy, Education, Medicine, History, Economy, Sociology, Culture, Engineering, Business relations, Comparative politics, strategy and environment, etc. Submit manuscripts as e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at: igboscholarsforum@yahoo.com or send two hard copies of your papers to any of the editors. Referencing style is MLA or APA. The Journal wishes to publish the results of her researches annually.

Onukwube Alex A. Anedo Editor IGBO SCHOLARS FORUM NIGERIA Department of African & Asian Studies, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State - Nigeria Phone:+2348037859249,+2348149225739 e-mail:igboscholarsforum@yahoo.com; web: https://wwwigboscholarsforum.com.ng

Vol.12. No.1 July, 2019 ISSN: 2476-843x


Igboscholars International Journal is one of the brain children of Igbo Scholars Forum born out of the zeal to get the young Igbo scholars together so as to start thinking like Igbo sons and daughters through paper publications, meetings and symposia. As a matter of fact, Igbo Scholars Forum was founded by Dr. Onukwube Alexander Alfred Anedo and born at the launching of a festschrift in honour of their life patron, Prof. Obed Muojekwu Anizoba (Ozonwa) on the 15th day of December, 2012. In his kind gesture, Prof O. M. Anizoba therefore established a website https://www.igboscholarsforum.com.ng for them to use in telling the world who the Igbo people are, about their life, what they believe in and their relationship with people and other cultures of the world outside theirs. Other journal outlets through which this Forum wants to let Igbo people and their culture out to the world are Ideal International Journal and Ekwe International Journal which is solely written only in Igbo language.

Onukwube A. A. Anedo, Ph.D.

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Consulting Editors:

1. Dr. Mrs. Lizzy Anizoba                                                                                                                                                          Department of English and Literature, Paul University, Awka - Nigeria                                                                                                2. Prof. Sam Uzochukwu                                                                                                                                                               Department of Linguistics, African & Asian Studies, University of Lagos Nigeria                                                                              3. Prof Sheng Jia                                                                                                                                                                      Department of Chinese Culture & Anthropology, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian Province, P. R. China                                  4. Prof Yuhua Ji                                                                                                                                                                       Department of English language & Linguistics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian Province, P. R. China                                         5. Prof B. Okolo                                                                                                                                                                    Department of Languages & Linguistics, University of Benin, Edo State, Nigeria                                                                         6. Dr. Gamini Ranasinghe                                                                                                                                                           Department of Archaeology & Anthropology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri-Lanka                                                                                                                                                                           7. Prof. Paul Ikechukwu Oguguo                                                                                                                                              Department of Philosophy, faculty of Arts, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria                                                                    8. Dr Babette Zoumara                                                                                                                                                                             Bank for Seeds and Solar Energy, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America                                                                                9.Prof. Mrs. Evelyn Ezinwanne Mbah                                                                                                                                         Department of Linguistics, Igbo & Other Nigerian languages, Faculty of Arts, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria                  10. Dr. Lucy Mgbemgasha Apakama                                                                                                                                                    Department of Nigerian Languages, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria                                    11. Dr. Nnamdi Obika                                                                                                                                                             Department of Englis language and Literature Madonna University Okija Campus Anambra State                                                 12. Dr. Donatus Epuchie                                                                                                                                                            Department of Linguistics, Igbo and Other Nigerian Languages Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri Imo State Nigeria

Members of Editorial Board

1. Onukwube Alex Alfred Anedo (Editor-in-Chief)                                                                                                                        Ph.D. (African Culture & Civilization); M. A. (African Culture & Civilization); M.Phil. (Chinese Culture & Anthropology); B.A.Ed. (Ed/Igbo/Linguistics); N.C.E. (Igbo/Religion); Diploma in Chinese Studies. Senior Lecturer, Nnamdi Azikiwe Umniversity, Awka; Visiting Senior Lecturer, Department of Linguistics, Igbo & Other Nigerian languages, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

2. Rev. Bro. Charles Ogbuchukwu Okeke                                                                                                                                             Ph.D; M.A. (ATR), B.D (Theo); B.Phil, PGDE, Dipl (Italian & French), Head of Department, Relious Studies, Nwafor Orizu College of Education, Nsugbe, Anambra State, Nigeria

3. Enyinnia Samuel Ikokwu                                                                                                                                                                     Ph.D, M.A; B.A. PGDE.(JOS). Specialist in Igbo Literature & Stylistics Department of Linguistice, Igbo & Other Nigerian languages, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

4. Friday Ifeanyichukwu Ogbuehi                                                                                                                                                        Ph.D; M.A. B.A Department of Religion, Trinity Theological College, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria.

5. Deacon Ndubuisi Ogbonna Ahamefula                                                                                                                                              B. A. Linguistics M. A. Linguistics,Department of Liguistic, Igbo & Other Nigerian languages, University of Nigeria Nsukka                                                               

6. Chinenye Viola Udeze                                                                                                                                                                              Ph.D;(African Culture & Civilization), M.A.; B.A.Ed/Igbo/Lin Department of Nigerian Languages, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria 7.Chimezie Okoye B.A. (English) Secretary, Igboscholars Forum, Nigeria. Besing Books, No. 9 Wisdom Avenue, Suleja, Niger State. 8. Ben Nkemdirim Igbokwe B.A. M.A. Ph.D. (NAU) African Culture & Civilization, School of General Studies, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

©Igbo scholars' forum, Nigeria 2019